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SheenaFujibayashi

Sexiest media

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SheenaFujibayashi

Now I want all of you to post/link to the hottest thing you have ever seen on the internet. It can be a porn video, an erotic novel, a sexy gif of just a picture of an extremely hot person posing the way you like it. Show me what makes you go crazy and masturbate all night :D 

(I hope not to just see hentai now xD ) 

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Sunstone

First thing that immediately came to mind was this: 

929.gif

(It's from Horizon Over The Middle of Nowhere) ...I love it~ xP

I'm sure I could find more stuff, which I might post later, but first I wanna see what others have to share~! <3

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Max Dagger

Okay. I'm game for this. I will be more than happy to share what I can find. Though there will be hentai if its okay. Though I do have non-hentai related stuff too. ;3 

@Sunstone : That's a really nice gif! >w<

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SMFoxy

If people post up nice things here that won't break Facebook terms of service, and I can find a source, I'll feature it on the EcchiDreams Facebook fan page, with credit to the Dreamer that posted it (using their EcchiDreams username).

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Sunstone

Image dump!! (in no particular order) Don't worry, all of these are quite SFW ^-^

* Yang Xiao Long - from RWBY.


Mako Mankanshoku - from Kill la Kill.

Mayumi Nishikino - from Kawai Complex.

Unnamed character - from the Dofus animated series (which I just came across today xD)

Skyla - from Pokémon.

 

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Sunstone

Image dump #2!! (Some of these are bit more lewd compared to the last batch I posted, hehe~)

Ryoka Narusawa - from Occultic;Nine. (The poor backache she must have to deal with~! ;_; )

Lapis Lazuli - from Steven Universe.

Lord Dominator - from Wander Over Yonder.

Unnamed character - found on Manyakis's Tumblr page.

Rem - from Re:Zero.

 

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Sunstone

Been almost a year since anyone posted here, and I reckon it is a good thread, so I thought I'd bring it back! Here's five pictures, like always~.

Princess Bubblegum - from Adventure Time.

Sadness - from Inside-Out.

Squigly - from Skullgirls.

Hex Maniac - from Pokémon.

An OC - created by DeviantART user 'Colony-AS'.

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images, OGG/WMA/MP3 files which seem to be from the Candy Crush game as well. 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      There are far worse people out there and I can’t tell you the amount of times I’ve purchased second hand hard drives online, that people haven’t properly formatted the hard drives of. I’ve had access to various kinds of sensitive materials that have either been too hot to handle or have been wiped properly by myself. To see someone actually take data protection seriously and to wipe their drives before selling them is a good thing to me. I actually like that they do it properly. But I always format again; just to be sure, it roots out any bad sectors, and makes sure that the drive is properly cleaned and conditioned, ready for use. You don’t need to use the Gutmann method (35 pass write) because that is most certainly overkill. 
      For more information you can read the following:

      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_remanence 
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_forensics 
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_erasure 
      • https://www.cs.auckland.ac.nz/~pgut001/pubs/secure_del.html - Secure Deletion of Data from Magnetic and Solid-State Memory (Floppy/Tape/HDDs)
      • https://www.cs.jhu.edu/~astubble/600.412/s-c-papers/remanence.pdf - Data Remanence in Semiconductor Devices (Flash/SSDs)
      So with the hard drives wiped; I installed a temporary installation of Windows Server 2016, as I was going to benchmark the system and turned the machine off for a good look inside. Before I did this though I took a temperature check of the CPU and RAM and found them to be the opposite way around from the HP Server and more in line with what I expected. The RAM was pretty cool, at around 30-40oC but the CPU was quite high even under idle loads, at around 60oC, and under 100% Prime95 load it was around 97-98oC which is a little too hot for my liking. But again, I could be wrong and this could be normal for this CPU. I did not leave Prime95 running for long, not at these kinds of temperatures, and I shut down the system and opened it up. 

      This server is laid out near enough exactly like a Mini-Tower. The first thing I noticed in there was this very fine amount of dust everywhere inside the machine. The second thing I noticed however was the CPU Heatsink was chock-fucking-full of dust which had compacted into the fins and was skewing my head test results for sure. The CPU fan was also caked in dust which severely reduces the airflow that the fan can draw through the heatsink. 
      Immediately I got to work in dismantling the server for a full and proper clean. 
      The Hard Drive Bay had to come out first, as you can see in the above picture; it is above the CPU heatsink and fan. So that came out, although the process seemed convoluted and impossible at first but after referencing the service manual it was as easy as taking out the hard drive caddy and pressing on a tab to make it swing outwards. I decided to give that fan a clean too as it was filthy, and I knew I was going to have four hard drives in there which will generate quite a bit of heat. 
      Once that was done I disconnected the fan power supply from the motherboard to the CPU Fan and removed the heatsink, only to find that the thermal paste had hardened into a cement like substance. So I removed the processor and delicately cleaned this up. 

      I also spent some time cleaning the heatsink out with various pieces of equipment, and clearing off the junk on the bottom of it. I then put the CPU back into the socket and applied some Arctic Silver 5, in a vertical line up the CPU (as instructed by their site) before putting it all back together and ran the system through another intense benchmark.

      This time, at idle the CPU was around 30-35oC and under heavy load it was around 70-75oC so as far as I was concerned this was mission accomplished. 
      As I said in the previous part: I use Arctic Silver 5; which is a high density micronise Silver and ‘Enhanced Thermally Conductive Ceramic Particles’ (What I call Enhanced TCCP), which is typically around 88% thermally conductive materials (by weight) with ‘Three Unique Shapes and Sizes’ of 99.9% pure silver to maximise the particle contact area and thermal transfer, suspended in Polysynthetic Oils. It is not electrically conductive either. You can find more information here. This is not an advert; and I am not sponsored by Arctic Silver, but it is in my experience, the best stuff to use for thermal paste solutions, at the very least it is almost usually much better than stock solutions. It is not cheap though (~£1,800 per KG. You buy it usually in 3.5g syringes that cost around £6-7 and it does lots of applications). 
      All in all this was running quieter than the HP Server, cooler than the HP server and taking in half of the power of the HP Server, so far this was looking like the best solution to use around the “Office”. 
      But the next thing I wanted to do was run some benchmarks. Unfortunately the benchmark program CrystalDiskMark 6.0.2 defines the following benchmarks as the stupid 1KB = 1000 bytes therefore 1000KB = 1MB, and if you want it to mean 1024KB = 1MB you’re actually talking about MiB… Which I’ve already ranted about in the previous topic.
      In the last topic of ‘Shit I’ve bought from eBay’ I stated that with the HP Server it had better numbers but the test files took a lot longer to create; this is absolutely true. But there was something I hadn’t read in the results that was showing me in the numbers that write speeds were much slower. Whilst the read speeds of the HP server was far better than the read speeds of the IBM server, the write speeds are a completely different story. Inside the computer was one single Western Digital (Blue) WD5000AAKX (500GB) HDD (7200 RPM, 16MB Cache, SATA III - 6Gbps). 
      So here is the raw data of the test using Crystal Diskmark (Freeware):

      Here is a comparison of the HDD speed between this server and the HP Server. Red indicates where the IBM server is slower and green indicates where it was faster:

      But I could argue that this test isn’t exactly very fair either. There are few points of differences to raise here:
      The IBM System did not have a full complement of disks, and it wasn’t set up in any kind of RAID system. Where as the HP system has all 8 disks in a RAID 5 set up. The IBM System does not appear to be able to do, let alone support RAID 5. In fact the letters “RAID” doesn’t even come into it. The best I can tell this has four options. Each disk is a stand alone drive (Which I guess could be configured in an OS) Integrated Striping: Which I am guessing is RAID 0. Integrated Mirroring: Which I am guessing is RAID 1. Integrated Mirroring Enhanced: Which I am guessing is RAID 1E. There are some reports that this only works with an odd number of drives, yet when I selected three of my drives I had around 750GB of total space, and when I selected four I had around 1TB of total space.  I had also tried using 4TB drives in the server however the RAID Controller, a IBM ServeRAID BR10il SAS/SATA Controller v2 (Which is actually a: Symbios Logic/LSI 53C1064E PCI Express Fusion-MPT 4-Port SAS Controller) can only see 2TB (2048GB) and even then it can’t process it properly. Everything else after that Linux, Windows, and even the BIOS only sees it as a 2TB Hard Drive and is incapable of installing anything onto it. So I am limited in this regard and can only use 2TB Drives or lower.
      I used SiSoftware (Sandra) to get an overall benchmark of the system as I hold a valid licence for the software (2016 version). Which I have compared to my desktop computer (Because as unfair comparaisons go this was the best baseline I have; other than old Pentium 2 Processor machine I have in my airing cupboard). I also compared them to the HP server that I spoke about in my last topic.  
      As I mentioned in the last topic it is important to see how the benchmarking software see’s the hardware, as there were discrepancies with the HP Server, that I wanted to rule out here too. 
      SiSoftware Sandra ID Host Name : WIN-F1VD50H6AMM Workgroup : WORKGROUP Computer Model : IBM System x3200 M3 -[7328EAG]- Serial Number : (REDACTED) Chassis : IBM Tower Mainboard : IBM 81Y6793 Serial Number : (REDACTED) BIOS : IBM Corp. -[GYE163AUS-1.20]- 03/19/2018 TPM - Trusted Platform Module : 1.02, WEC Total Memory : 16GB ECC DIMM Registered DDR3 Processors Processor : Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           X3430  @ 2.40GHz (4C 2.4GHz/2.8GHz, 2.13GHz IMC, 4x 256kB L2, 8MB L3) Socket/Slot : FC LGA1156 Chipset Memory Controller : Intel Core (Clarksfield/Lynnfield) DMI 2x 2.4GHz (4.79GHz) Memory Controller : Intel Xeon (Lynnfield) UnCore 2x 2.4GHz (4.79GHz), 2x 8GB ECC DIMM Registered DDR3 798MHz 128-bit Memory Module(s) Memory Module : Samsung M392B5273CH0-CH9 4GB ECC DIMM Registered DDR3 PC3-10700R DDR3-1334 (9-9-9-25 4-34-10-5) Memory Module : Samsung M392B5273CH0-CH9 4GB ECC DIMM Registered DDR3 PC3-10700R DDR3-1334 (9-9-9-25 4-34-10-5) Memory Module : Samsung M392B5273CH0-CH9 4GB ECC DIMM Registered DDR3 PC3-10700R DDR3-1334 (9-9-9-25 4-34-10-5) Memory Module : Samsung M392B5273CH0-CH9 4GB ECC DIMM Registered DDR3 PC3-10700R DDR3-1334 (9-9-9-25 4-34-10-5) Video System Monitor/Panel : Dell Computer DELL S2440L   (1920x1080, 24.0") Video Adapter : Microsoft Basic Render Driver (SM5.2, 8GB) Graphics Processor Storage Devices WDC WD5000AAKX-603CA0 (500.1GB, SATA300/600, 3.5", 7200rpm, 16MB Cache) : 466GB (C:) HL-DT-STDVD-RAM GH60N (SATA150, DVD+-RW, CD-RW) : N/A (D:) Logical Storage Devices System Reserved : 500MB (NTFS, 4kB) @ WDC WD5000AAKX-603CA0 (500.1GB, SATA300/600, 3.5", 7200rpm, 16MB Cache) Hard Disk (C:) : 465GB (NTFS, 4kB) @ WDC WD5000AAKX-603CA0 (500.1GB, SATA300/600, 3.5", 7200rpm, 16MB Cache) Optical Drive (D:) : N/A @ HL-DT-STDVD-RAM GH60N (SATA150, DVD+-RW, CD-RW) Peripherals LPC Hub Controller 1 : IBM 3420 LPC Interface Controller Serial Port(s) : 2 Disk Controller : IBM P55/PM55/3400 6 port SATA AHCI Controller Disk Controller : IBM ServeRAID BR10il SAS/SATA Controller v2 USB Controller 1 : IBM P55/PM55/3400 USB2 Enhanced Host Controller USB Controller 2 : IBM P55/PM55/3400 USB2 Enhanced Host Controller SMBus/i2c Controller 1 : Intel ICH SMBus SMBus/i2c Controller 2 : IPMI T1 Controller Printers and Faxes Printer : Microsoft XPS Document Writer v4 (600x600, Colour) Printer : Microsoft Shared Fax Driver (200x200) Printer : Microsoft Print To PDF (600x600, Colour) Printer : Microsoft XPS Document Writer v4 (600x600, Colour) Printer : Microsoft Print To PDF (600x600, Colour) Network Services Network Adapter : IBM USB Remote NDIS Network Device (Ethernet, 9.73Mbps) Network Adapter : Intel(R) 82574L Gigabit Network Connection (Ethernet) Network Adapter : Intel(R) 82574L Gigabit Network Connection #2 (Ethernet, 1Gbps) Operating System Windows System : Microsoft Windows 2016 Server 10.00.14393 Platform Compliance : x64 But this is the results compared to my PC (Blue) with the Server (Green):

      This is really not unsimilar to the HP server results when compared to my computer. It is striking how very much the same they are. So to get a more complete picture let's take a look at how this IBM server (Green) is compared to the HP server (Blue):

      Now that’s interesting.
      And of course the raw data, which you can freely compare to the previous topic:
      SiSoftware Sandra Display Connection : Local Computer Processor Multi-Media Analysing... Aggregated Score : 67.17MPix/s Result ID : Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           X3430  @ 2.40GHz (4C 2.4GHz/2.8GHz, 2.13GHz IMC, 4x 256kB L2, 8MB L3) Speed : 2394MHz Capacity : 4Unit(s) Power : 95.00W Finished Successfully : Yes Cryptography Analysing... Aggregated Score : 0.680GB/s Result ID : Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           X3430  @ 2.40GHz (4C 2.4GHz/2.8GHz, 2.13GHz IMC, 4x 256kB L2, 8MB L3) Speed : 2394MHz Capacity : 4Unit(s) Power : 95.00W Finished Successfully : Yes Processor Financial Analysis Analysing... Aggregated Score : 8.00kOPT/s Result ID : Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           X3430  @ 2.40GHz (4C 2.4GHz/2.8GHz, 2.13GHz IMC, 4x 256kB L2, 8MB L3) Speed : 2394MHz Capacity : 4Unit(s) Power : 95.00W Finished Successfully : Yes Processor Scientific Analysis Analysing... Aggregated Score : 6.57GFLOPS Result ID : Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           X3430  @ 2.40GHz (4C 2.4GHz/2.8GHz, 2.13GHz IMC, 4x 256kB L2, 8MB L3) Speed : 2394MHz Capacity : 4Unit(s) Power : 95.00W Finished Successfully : Yes .NET Arithmetic Analysing... Aggregated Score : 14.15GOPS Result ID : Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           X3430  @ 2.40GHz (4C 2.4GHz/2.8GHz, 2.13GHz IMC, 4x 256kB L2, 8MB L3) Speed : 2394MHz Capacity : 4Unit(s) Power : 95.00W Finished Successfully : Yes Memory Bandwidth Analysing... Aggregated Score : 6.251GB/s Result ID : Intel Core (Clarksfield/Lynnfield) DMI; 2x 8GB Samsung M392B5273CH0-CH9 ECC DIMM Registered DDR3 (798MHz 128-bit) PC3-10700 (6-6-6-16 4-22-6-3) Speed : 798MHz Capacity : 16384MB Power : 19.00W Finished Successfully : Yes Cache & Memory Latency Analysing... Aggregated Score : 34.1ns Result ID : Intel Core (Clarksfield/Lynnfield) DMI; 2x 8GB Samsung M392B5273CH0-CH9 ECC DIMM Registered DDR3 (798MHz 128-bit) PC3-10700 (6-6-6-16 4-22-6-3) Speed : 798MHz Capacity : 16384MB Power : 19.00W Finished Successfully : Yes File System Bandwidth Analysing... Aggregated Score : 106.438MB/s Result ID : WDC WD5000AAKX-603CA0 (500.1GB, SATA300/600, 3.5", 7200rpm, 16MB Cache) (NTFS, 4kB) Speed : 7200rpm Capacity : 500.11GB Finished Successfully : Yes File System I/O Analysing... Aggregated Score : 1929.7IOPS Result ID : WDC WD5000AAKX-603CA0 (500.1GB, SATA300/600, 3.5", 7200rpm, 16MB Cache) (NTFS, 4kB) Speed : 3000Mbps Capacity : 500.11GB Finished Successfully : Yes GP (GPU/CPU/APU) Processing Analysing... Error (339) : No devices found. : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Finished Successfully : No Video Shader Compute Analysing... Aggregated Score : 6.03MPix/s Result ID : Microsoft Basic Render Driver (SM5.2, 8GB) (D3D 11) Finished Successfully : Yes GP (GPU/CPU/APU) Cryptography Analysing... Error (339) : No devices found. : High Security (AES256 + SHA2-256) : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Standard Security (AES128 + SHA1) : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Higher Security (AES256 + SHA2-512) : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Finished Successfully : No Cryptography Analysing... Aggregated Score : 0.683GB/s Result ID : Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           X3430  @ 2.40GHz (4C 2.4GHz/2.8GHz, 2.13GHz IMC, 4x 256kB L2, 8MB L3) Speed : 2394MHz Capacity : 4Unit(s) Power : 95.00W Finished Successfully : Yes GP (GPU/CPU/APU) Financial Analysis Analysing... Finished Successfully : No Processor Financial Analysis Analysing... Aggregated Score : 8.02kOPT/s Result ID : Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           X3430  @ 2.40GHz (4C 2.4GHz/2.8GHz, 2.13GHz IMC, 4x 256kB L2, 8MB L3) Speed : 2394MHz Capacity : 4Unit(s) Power : 95.00W Finished Successfully : Yes GP (GPU/CPU/APU) Scientific Analysis Analysing... Finished Successfully : No Processor Scientific Analysis Analysing... Aggregated Score : 5.28GFLOPS Result ID : Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           X3430  @ 2.40GHz (4C 2.4GHz/2.8GHz, 2.13GHz IMC, 4x 256kB L2, 8MB L3) Speed : 2394MHz Capacity : 4Unit(s) Power : 95.00W Finished Successfully : Yes Media (Audio/Video) Transcode Analysing... Aggregated Score : 1.508MB/s Result ID : Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           X3430  @ 2.40GHz (4C 2.4GHz/2.8GHz, 2.13GHz IMC, 4x 256kB L2, 8MB L3) (Microsoft H264 Video Decoder MFT > H264 Encoder MFT; Microsoft AAC Audio Decoder MFT > Microsoft AAC Audio Encoder MFT) Speed : 2394MHz Capacity : 4Unit(s) Power : 95.00W Finished Successfully : Yes GP (GPU/CPU/APU) Bandwidth Analysing... Error (339) : No devices found. : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Finished Successfully : No Video Memory Bandwidth Analysing... Aggregated Score : 4.070GB/s Result ID : Microsoft Basic Render Driver (SM5.2, 8GB) (D3D 11) Capacity : 8186MB Finished Successfully : Yes GP (GPU/CPU/APU) Memory Latency Analysing... Error (339) : No devices found. : Global Data Memory : In-Page Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Global Data Memory : Full Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Global Data Memory : Sequential Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Constant Data Memory : In-Page Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Constant Data Memory : Full Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Constant Data Memory : Sequential Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Shared Data Memory : In-Page Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Shared Data Memory : Full Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Shared Data Memory : Sequential Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Private Data Memory : In-Page Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Private Data Memory : Full Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Private Data Memory : Sequential Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Texture Memory : In-Page Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Texture Memory : Full Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Texture Memory : Sequential Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Finished Successfully : No Cache & Memory Latency Analysing... Aggregated Score : 34.2ns Result ID : Intel Core (Clarksfield/Lynnfield) DMI; 2x 8GB Samsung M392B5273CH0-CH9 ECC DIMM Registered DDR3 (798MHz 128-bit) PC3-10700 (6-6-6-16 4-22-6-3) Speed : 798MHz Capacity : 16384MB Power : 19.00W Finished Successfully : Yes Overall Score Aggregated Score : 2.13kPT Results Interpretation : Higher Scores mean Better Performance. Decimal Numeral System (base 10) : 1GPT = 1000MPT, 1MPT = 1000kPT, 1kPT = 1000PT, etc. Result ID : IBM System x3200 M3 -[7328EAG]- System X (IBM 81Y6793) (Intel Xeon CPU X3430 @ 2.40GHz; Intel Core DMI; 2x 8GB Samsung M392B5273CH0-CH9 ECC DIMM Regis; WDC WD5000AAKX-603CA0; Microsoft Basic Render Driver) Finished Successfully : Yes After I ran these tests I began to make some modifications to the server. During the time that I was writing this up, I actually sourced together three additional 500GB drives, two from my next topic of ‘Shit I’ve brought from eBay’, and one from my computer so that the total complement is as follows:
      Western Digital (Blue) WD5000AAKX 500GB HDD  7200 RPM 16MB Cache SATA III (6Gbps) Western Digital (Blue) WD5000AAKX 500GB HDD  7200 RPM 16MB Cache SATA III (6Gbps) Toshiba DT01ACA050  500GB HDD  7200 RPM 32MB Cache SATA III - (6Gbps) Seagate Pipeline HD .2 ST3500312CS  500GB HDD  5900 RPM 8MB Cache SATA II - (3Gbps) This to me is not ideal to say the very least. Yes all the drives are 500GB but there is a variance of how much cache they have and in once case there is a wild variance in speed of the platters, cache and even type. 
      So at the moment I am looking to replace them all with 1TB Western Digital Blue HDD’s (WD10EZEX) at some point, which isn’t too expensive, but it’s not exactly something I’m going to rush to do. They’d all be the same make and model with 64MB Cache, and 7200 RPM on a SATA III connection, it’s not ideal but it’s cost effective, and certainly more ideal than the current loadout, for sure.
      The reason I am not in a rush to do this however is because of the limitation mentioned before. I have no idea if the RAID controller can work with 4x 1TB drives, or if it would only see 2TB maximum even if I tried to (Although I’d never) use RAID 0. If this is not viable, I might just go and buy two more WD5000AAKX’s. 
      Obviously the ideal solution would be using 4 drives of the same model, spec and everything else that are designed to be used in servers such as a NAS drive or other enterprise drive solution rather than crappy WD Blue’s, which lets be honest here; are only being used because they’re already here. 
      IME Volume is what I went for in the end because I avoid RAID 0 like the plague and straight up mirroring will allow me to have three drive failures but only ~500GB of useable space. So RAID 1E/RAID 10 is the best I can hope for in this server.
      With the RAID set up I went ahead and inserted a WiFi Dongle inside of the Server, on the motherboard, because I’m not going to trial goodness knows how many feet of Network cables to where it’s going to end up just for the server - at least not yet. I may do that later on, for sure, but right now I just want a quick and easy setup. The next thing I did was installed my Linux Flavour of Choice to mimic the EcchiDreams Server and set it all up accordingly. 
      After I made sure it was all set up and stable. I simply powered down the server and stored it elsewhere in the home to see if it would work - and it did. And now I will finish the topic with some comments I have about the machine as well as some neat pictures of the server itself.
      This machine arrived to me more damaged than advertised; not only has the case got deeper cuts, and outright surface chunks missing, but it’s HDD caddy that came with it has a damaged screw meaning that replacing that HDD is not going to be possible without breaking, damaging or destroying the caddy completely, the server was unhygienically filthy and the hard drive was not wiped properly. In addition the fourth HDD slot (Slot 3, as 0 is a starting number) has defective LED’s which resulted in confusion earlier on in the process as I was concerned that the bay wasn’t working, as it’s not just one LED gone, it’s both of them. This is why I will not recommend the seller, he seems to be absolutely fine with falsely advertising things and potentially (Although unproven) boosting his own eBay auctions with fake bidders, that have 100% activity with the seller. 
      The system can be opened up with as few screws to get in the way as possible. There is literally a lever on the side of the chassis that will allow you to open it up and reveal the goodness inside. It’s quite intermodular in a form factor I am instantly all too familiar with. I am uncertain as to what the launch price of this server was, or when it was released although if I had to guess I’d guess 2011 or thereabouts. Everything within the tower is easily accessible and potentially replaceable/upgradable with ease.
      The one thing that is noticeably screwed in is the PSU; which seems to be almost a standard 400W ATX PSU (DPS-400AB-9 A) which distributes power to the system. This is an extremely quiet PSU, which is surprising as the HP Server I last looked at was quite loud. 
      The Hard Drives look to be in a hot swappable format, although I have not tried this yet. They take standard or enterprise grade 3.5” Hard drives and have the standard caddies that allow air to flow over them in an optimal pattern as it gets sucked into the system through the fan at the end of the bay. Again, this fan is extremely silent, and seems to do the job pretty nicely. On my model there are four 3.5” bays that will only accept upto 2TB drives (Although I have not tested 4 X 2TB, or even 4 X 1TB as of yet, it seems to have able to handle 4 X 500GB very well. The lack of hardware RAID options however on the IBM ServeRAID BR10il RAID controller really lets this system down however, as it doesn’t appear to allow for a RAID 5 setup which is what I had wanted, and the RAID options that it does give you aren’t in clear English - it’s stated in IBM RAID terminology such as IM, IME and IS rather than RAID 1, RAID 1E and RAID 0 respectively. I can understand why the RAID controller can’t accept bigger drives than 2TB - and that is purely because the RAID Controller is old. All in all this is not very ideal for me, but I can live with RAID 1E (Or IME Volume) for the time being. The controller is fairly fast and responsive, so I have no complains on that part. Receiving files over Ethernet in the Windows Server installation was quick and painless, and sending files from the server to my main PC was even quicker. So no complaints there either. 
      The RAM in the machine is DDR3 which I am quite surprised at, in addition it’s ECC RAM which you can find out more information about here from Luke Lafreniere over on Techquickie. The total in the system is four sticks of 4GB totalling at 16GB, but it can be taken even higher with the official IBM Spec saying it can take about 32GB of RAM, and there is no conflicting information between this and the CPU Vendor - Intel. However there are only 6 slots; which is extremely unusual. You’re not going to be able to fill all those slots, with the same kind of RAM at the same size; because they don’t make 5.33(recurring)GB sticks. The RAM seems to run quite cool, and I have no further issues with it.
      The CPU in the system is an Intel Xeon CPU X3430 clocked at 2.40GHz, which seems capable at stepping down the clock under idle loads which reduces the temperature as well as the power consumption of the CPU. After replacing the thermal paste of the CPU the temperatures keep well within my tolerance level which keeps the fan from running at full pelt, to give it some wiggle room later down the line, such as the heat sinking become less effective by dust build up, as well as the fan, or thermal paste becoming dry and in need of replacement. Not that I anticipate the latter being needed for a long time to come. The CPU also has a fan on the side of the heatsink. 
      There is a VGA port on the back as well as four USB2 ports, a serial port, and two Gigabit Network ports, as well as having two USB2 ports on the front. So it’s about what I expect for a server. Inside the unit is two SATA cables for CD/Tape drives, and several spare molex connector cables tied up in what I would assume was IBM’s cable management system. There is also another USB port inside of the machine which is where I put a WiFi dongle. 
      The graphics processor is reportedly a "Matrox MGA G200eV" which has 16MB of GDDR2 RAM, which is about half of the amount of RAM as the HP Server, but you’re not really going to run games on this machine and for command line interfaces, I don’t really see much purpose of having over 16MB RAM at all. Considering the fact that once the server is setup I’ll mainly be using SSH (A command line tool) to access the server remotely this integrated GPU suits my purposes as and when I need it to set the server up. 
      Inside the system as I mentioned before, I put a WiFi dongle in it, because fuck trialing an ethernet cable across the home - through walls and so on. It was intended to be a temporary solution, and for a short time it worked. After I installed Linux and preformed a ‘yum update -y’ command, whilst it was still on my desk I set it up via the Ethernet cable and used the command ‘yum NetworkManager-WiFi install -y’ to install the WiFi component to NetworkManager which could then be ran (after a reboot) by inputting ‘nmtui’ so I could activate the WiFi dongle and put in my WPA2 Password. 
      After that I unplugged the server and moved it across the room putting just the power in, and tested it out. It worked flawlessly. Until a few days ago; where it started dropping out and being intermittent. I checked with the PING command from my Windows Computer and I was getting 44% packet loss, with some packets being sent and received within 2ms all the way up to 2850ms. Speeds in FTP also dropped to around 40KBps to 170KBps, and this became unworkable. 
      I hooked it back up to the ethernet cable and it was fine again, transferred a 2.82GB file at ~ 101MBps - 152MBps no problems. But it seems that my crappy free USB WiFi dongle is crapping out. So I am looking at getting either a PCI-E ASUS PCE-AC68 WiFi Card for it; or actually stop being a lazy arse and go for the more secure option of neatly trailing a long ethernet adapter from the Router to where the server will be located. Objectively the latter option would probably be the most cost effective solution all round as it would be a pure gigabit connection between the server and the router as well as the other computers on the network that are connected via LAN. 
      With a bit of TLC the server can be repaired; and some parts can even be upgraded. There is certainly a fair bit of upgradability with this machine. I fully intend on using this server too for various purposes, such as:
      Development and Testing - Currently I do this on the very same server that EcchiDreams is hosted on in a separate area, I don’t need to say why that’s a very bad idea and it’s something that I can thankfully stop.  Host private content that is not for the general public - Content such as the Wiki project I am hosting in a secret directory on the EcchiDreams server, this is around 2.8GB big when it’s compressed, and it’s not something I really want to host on the EcchiDreams Server at all. A server that will download EcchiDreams backups - I want the EcchiDreams server to frequently download snapshots and backups to this server, currently I am doing it all manually and it’s something I want to move away from now that automatic backing up is far more reliable than it’s always been. But I can also use my NAS for this purpose.  A place where Neptune can test and create new things - Neptune is semi interested in web development too, and it’s something that she can do without fear of breaking anything. Host our internal-private Intranet site for the “Office” and “Home”.  Eventually look at moving away from Google Docs for our Collaborative Document Editing needs (Which we’ve somewhat already tried to no success, yet.) With the increasing presence of Google in our lives, we (Neptune and I) are actively trying to back away from it, having done so already with our web searching needs, email, and more. We are currently writing stories on Google Drive and I frequently back it up because I’m always thinking ‘What if someone from Google takes exception to what we write?’ and the fact that when Google bans you from one of its platforms like YouTube, you’re banned from all of it, with little to no recourse. This is not without merit; it’s happened to us before, when EcchiDreams was vindictively removed from Google Search with little to no warning and no explanation as to why, or any hope of getting your data back. We’re already transitioning from YouTube to other video platforms as well like BitChute. I will even be killing Google Analytics across all my online properties and as soon as I’ve moved from Google Docs to my own solution, I will be changing my daily browser too.  There might be some other ideas that come to me for running on this server, as it won’t be open to the general public, and only accessed by a small handful of people, I think the overall specs of the machine will be more than sufficient for our needs. But I think this is certainly a keeper.
      At some point, I may indeed consider upgrading the RAID Controller if I can, I have more than enough spare PCI-E slots in the server. 

      The current one (the LSISAS1064E) seems to be a little lacking in many respects, however I am uncertain as to what BIOS Limitations there are and it may require me to do further research into the system itself. Currently I suspect that this has a LBA size of 32bit which explains why would have a limit of 2TB. You see it’s rather simple; 32 bits is essentially 256 (times by) 256 (times by) 256 (times by) 256, which gives you; 4,294,967,296 this number times 512 (Because there are 512 Bytes in a sector) gives you 2,199,023,255,552 - which is exactly 2048GB (2TB). Yes, yes before you start typing away in the comments that I’m wrong about definition of GB/TB please read my rant in the last part. 
      I’m not sure if the BIOS would except it or not, but if possible I want to try going for a RAID Controller that has an LBA Size of 48 or 64 bits, so I can use a 4TB drive, or more. If possible I’d like it to have a battery backup too for the write cache. This RAID Controller is also only SATA 2 capable; but seeing as I am only using hard drives for the seeable future so I can’t really see any benefit by upgrading this to SATA 3, unless there is a speed performance to be had that I am not aware of (As most HDDs are well under the max speeds of SATA 3 and SATA 2), like to the queuing of data or something. 
      So that’s pretty much it. I will be keep this server. I really like it, despite its age.
      Next on: "Shit I've bought from eBay" - Synology DS212j NAS
    • Temaelrin
      By Temaelrin
      When is a NAS no longer just a NAS? 
      Since Synology, apparently. 

      I remember when a NAS (Network Attached Storage) was just a NAS, and whilst I like the features ingrained in a Synology NAS sometimes for lower end NAS’s it’s a bit much even for it to handle and it drags the device down. Now before any fan boys start kicking off, hear me out. I don’t think this is a bad thing as such, at all. I see it as giving the user a choice as to what they want to use their NAS for, and the rest they have to decide on. If they have feature X; they can have feature Y and feature Z but it might choke on that. Unless they have a more higher-end NAS that can handle it. I am pro-choice in this regard (And no, that’s not a political statement). 
      I used to have a Netgear Stora MS2110 which was slow, loud and frankly the worst NAS I ever owned. It had a read (download) rate of around 1.5MBps, and a write (upload) rate of around 750KBps. It had a loud fan and the hard drives in it echoed around the machine and you could really hear the clicking of the heads flying across the disk and all around crunching of the hard drive that hard drives made back then. 
      @Manni introduced me to Synology though as a user, he was an administrator of a NAS and I had access via the web interface and it was the strangest thing I had ever seen. Eventually I went onto eBay and found that these NAS’s started at around £140 - £190 for the DS212j, at buy it now, although some started at £250. 
      So a premium brand then?
      I then found one on eBay starting at 0.99p and was currently at £17.52 with a few days left and decided ‘why the fuck not?’ and put my opening max price at £30, with plans to go up to £40 and have an upper limit of £50. I didn’t really matter too much though; because on the 25th of October I won it for £28.00. 
      Item: Synology 212J 1 TB NAS Price I paid: £28.00 Shipping: £7.50 (Courier)  Total Cost: £35.50 Came With: Network Cable, Power Supply, Two HDD’s (500GB) The package arrived on time, and it seemed to be extremely well packed wrapped in layers of bubble wrap. The first thing I did however was open it up (Of course!) and take a look inside, the hard drives in the unit came out, and I gave the machine a quick clean down and replaced the CMOS battery with a Kodak Button Cell 3V lithium battery. Taking the device apart was actually insanely easy, and this is the whole computer board:

      That’s pretty much it. There is a board that goes off and acts as the LEDs and power button as well as a board that extends the SATA ports for the hard drives, but this is pretty much the hub of the NAS right there. I am hoping that I can somewhat overclock the processor, or something or add a heat sink on it with adhesive thermal pads but I am not currently sure how feasible this is.
      Initial Specs:
      Marvell Kirkwood 88F6281 (Sheeva 88SV131 CPU core) (Feroceon 88FR131) @ 1.2GHz - Single Core L1 Data cache = 16 KB. L1 Instruction cache = 16 KB. L2 cache = 256 KB.  DDR SDRAM Controller DDR2 400 MHz, Dual channel, 16-bit, 3.2 GB/s. supports up to four DRAM banks (four DRAM chip selects). supports all DDR2 devices with densities up to 2 Gb. supports up to 32 open pages (page per bank). It supports DRAM bank interleaving, as well as open pages (up to eight pages per chip select). Up to 2 GB total address space. DDR:CPU Clock ratio of 1:N and 2:N support. support for 2T mode. supports up to a 128-byte burst per single transaction from the Mbus port. supports up to a 32-byte burst per single transaction from the Mbus-L port. contains a transaction queue, read and write buffers. It can absorb up to 4 transactions of 128 byte each, in its buffers. Transactions from the Mbus are pushed into the transaction queue. The SDRAM controller arbitrates between the transaction from the top of the queue and transactions received from the CPU Mbus-L path, always giving priority to the CPU. For a CPU read from the DRAM, read data is not pushed to the read buffer. It goes directly to the CPU bus interface unit via a 64-bit wide Mbus-L path. This minimizes read latency. Cache: 256MB RAM 1000Mbps Ethernet Connection Hardware wise; there isn’t really all that much to show you, the motherboard of the device is shown above, this is the the SATA Bridge:

      Which I find absolutely interesting. The one towards the top of the picture (As the unit is upside down compared to the next image) is HDD Slot 2, where as the one on the bottom is HDD Slot 1. HDD Slot 1’s SATA connector looks very different to HDD Slot 2, noticeably the port between data and power. This is what I was talking about with the server hard drives in part 3 of my Shit I brought from eBay, the hard drives in that server will only fit into the HDD Slot 1, not HDD Slot 2, because of how the ports are made. They’re both as far as I can tell - SATA, except one seems to have a gap between the power and data where as the other has a stop bar that isolates the ports. I defined the difference as being SATA/SAS But who knows. I could be wrong. Please feel free to correct me in the comments below. 
      This is what the NAS looks like with the hard drives in:-

      As you can see from the top screws, these are screws that I have replaced, they have rubber washers around them (As you can see in blue) this is what I put in to further reduce the vibrations caused by the hard drives (which translates as noise) by absorbing the shock of it. At least that was my theory. I have no idea how loud this was before this modification.
      When I plugged it in and got it set up I learnt that there was an update for the device which I downloaded and installed… Immediately bricking my NAS. It wanted me to open the port forwarding on my router and contact Synology so they can access it and unbrick it. 
      “Get fucked” I thought. Then I tried to do it myself… Telnet was disabled, SSH was disabled, and nothing was working. The device was completely inaccessible and refused to boot. I had a similar problem with the Netgear Stora once, and I remembered what I needed to do. 
      I took the hard drives out, and decided to mount them as a RAID under a Linux Installation on my computer and scan them to see if they were properly formatted before I came to own them (They were! They had absolutely no data on them from the previous owner) and I wiped them clean with a binary zero write from the first sector to the last. Although I could have used Windows DiskPart to delete everything off of them, and clean the drives up. I put them both back into the device and used the Synology setup manager to restore DSM - and it worked!
      Once it had installed, as I was only going to go around and test it, because the HDDs were going to get used in my Part 4 project (My IBM Server), I decided to play arounnd with the interface and settings and I did some file transfer tests. So during my test, with the Synology version of RAID enabled, I installed an anti-virus scanner because I figured that this thing is going to be connected to the network, it’d be good to have a layer of protection on there, and I didn’t think anything of it. 
      So I went to test the transfer speeds and… Oh my.
      The speeds were not very encouraging; as what I was seeing was zero bytes per second, that would occasionally jump to to several megabytes per second before crashing back down to zero bytes. After logging into the Web Panel I could see why. 
      The CPU spikes up to 100% and the transfer crashes. When the CPU calms down the transfer goes back up and causes the CPU to spike up to 100% which crashes the speed of the transfer back down to zero again. Repeatedly. Whilst this is objectively better than my Netgear Stora, it still wasn’t good. 
      So I did some research and put it off for a few weeks whilst I started writing up Part 1, 2, 3 and 4 of this miniseries. During part 4 I decided to move a 4TB HDD from my PC which had been previously acting up in my computer. But it was only going to serve the purpose as a backup drive in the NAS because after repeated hammering tests on the drive I cannot make the failure appear again and it seems to be otherwise fine. The NAS will serve the purpose as a backup drive, to back up data from the local network. 
      So let's now talk about DSM, specifically DSM 6.2:

      When you go to the location that the NAS is installed on (as a website address) you’re presented with a login screen (That can actually customise and change to some degree) like you can see above. Once you’re logged in you’re then presented with a desktop environment essentially:

      From here you can pretty much set up the rest of the device and how it sits on your Network, as well as set up user accounts and install features on your NAS. 
      So let's take a look at the control panel: 

      In here you have several options as you can see above that has own tree of sub menus and sub options you can look at although I won’t be putting the screenshots of which into this document.
      The first item “Shared Folder” which allows you to create root(ish) level directories when viewing the NAS through the Windows Networking Explorer for the NAS. These can be locked to different permissions so if you want a folder that only user 1 can see, and not user 2, you can indeed set that up, or if you want it so that user 2 only has read access - this again is possible. I kept mine to just one; as it allowed me to easily mount it as one drive (Via Map Network Drives) under Windows:

      Which allows me easy access to the NAS. 
      The Shared Folder setting also lets you control encryption of the folder, although I haven’t used it. I don’t think the CPU can handle it (And I will explain why in a moment). 
      In the “File Services” page you can set up the following:
      SMB/AFP/NFS FTP/SFTP TFTP Rsync Bonjour SSDP WS-Discovery The only services I have enabled here is SMB (Samba) and SSDP (Simple Service Discovery Protocol) which allows my device to be detectable under the Windows Network, but also locks it down from being accessed from the outside, which is a layer of protection under the NAT on the router to prevent outside access to the NAS. But you can set it up so you can access your NAS from the internet - which means you can access for files anywhere. But in my opinion you’re opening yourself up to some trouble. 
      Consider this: You can already find Synology NAS’s that are open online merely by searching Google for it (I’m not going to give the key phrase here) but I have done it, and I can confirm you can do it. This isn’t necessarily a bad thing, but you’re broadcasting at that point to the internet that your NAS exists and it’s there. Things have already hit NAS’s that effectively take them and the data that they hold to ransom - just look at SynoLocker. By advertising your NAS on your IP address this is what you’re opening yourself up for. A dedicated hacker who wants access to NAS’s will eventually get in. And everything you store on it can be exposed. 
      So for me; I have it set to network access only; no internet. I have a private web server set up elsewhere for files I want to share with myself when I’m away from home. Something that is set up, designed and locked down to serve this purpose, which requires specific PGP Keys. It has no domain name, and doesn’t appear on any searches, not am I hosting it here at home. I won’t say what other security features I have with it, but I will say that It’s not perfect, and it can be a pain in the arse sometimes so… and it probably isn’t for everyone. 
      The next is “User” and this is self explanatory. This is where you set up users and their permissions to the NAS, such as what apps they can use, what folders they have access to and so on. The next on the list “Group” is very much so apart of the users setting I think its you create default group permissions. 
      The next setting, I assume is for advanced users because it’s the “Domain/LDAP” setting which is probably good if you have a Windows Server with a Windows Domain on it. I don’t use either of these so I’m afraid I can’t tell you what exactly it does. 
      Under Connectivity you have a setting called “QuickConnect” which is the Synology QuickConnect feature that allows your NAS to be accessed from anywhere (As long as you have an internet connection) I quite obviously have this disabled, and it requires a synology account. You get given a quick connect ID which will allow people to access the NAS without the need to give out your IP Address, and the next setting “External Access” with DDNS and router configuration is keyed into that. Again - I don’t connect externally, nor can my NAS be connected from outside the Local Area Network. My guess is, is that you can set up your custom domain here, instead of xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx (Where ‘xxx’ is a number between 0 - 255), you can connect via a domain name like ‘www.domain.tld’. So this doesn’t apply to my use case. 
      The next setting is ‘Network’ and this was quite important to me. In here you can set up what the server name is, where the default gateway is connected to (In my case, my router), if there is a proxy server in the way, and what it’s configuration is, the network interface, traffic control restrictions, static routes as well as the DSM settings. The DSM settings allow you to control what ports you can access your NAS on (Which I have changed from the default), whether or not you want them to be automatically redirected from HTTP to HTTPS (Which I recommend, especially if you’re accessing it externally), enable HTTP/2 and edit your own Server Header. You can also enable HSTS but if I recall correctly for enabling it on EcchiDreams - you *need* a domain name, and a valid certificate. 
      The next setting is ‘DHCP Server’ which on the large part - I don’t need. Because my router is my DHCP server. But… If you wanted to, you could also enable PXE (Pre-boot Execution Environment) from here too, which some computers/servers are compatible with, which is pretty much used in Enterprise environments. It essentially allows you to boot and install a computer from a central location - might not be worth it for one or two computers. But for tens or hundreds, thousands or more computers on the same network - then it’s perhaps worth it. Trip down memory lane in spoiler: 
      The next setting is ‘Wireless’ which, if you connect a WiFi adapter to the NAS (By USB) you can have the NAS connected via WiFi. It seems to be able to support three modes; Wireless AP, Wireless Router and to join a Wireless network. In this setting you can also set up Bluetooth, with the correct adapter. I have mine connected via Ethernet port so this isn’t applicable to me. 
      The next setting is ‘Security’ which allows you to set up the security of the NAS. Such as an automatic logout timer, cross-site request forgery protection, CSP headers in the HTTP content security policy, allowing or disallowing the DSM to be embedded in an iFrame, and so on. It also has a built in firewall which you can control, DoS (Denial of Service) protection, login protections (Such as get a password wrong 3 times in 10 minutes and the NAS locks your IP out), SSL Certificate storage, HTTP compression and TLS/SSL profile levels, which I recommend “Modern Compatibility”, to get the best level of protection. 
      The next setting section is ‘System’ and under this at the top is “Info Center”:

      Which is the hub of information about the NAS itself; the General Information tab which as you can see displays the status of the NAS. The Network tab shows the information pertaining to the network setup. The storage tab shows the information on the hard drive, such as size, free space, how much data is on it, what RAID format it’s in (In my case SHR), the model, temperature, location in the drive bay and whether or not it’s operating normally or malfunctioning. The next tab - Service, shows what services are enabled on the NAS and allows you to manually enable/disable them and allows you to test the connection. The next tab is device analytics which is data sent back to Synology on how you use your NAS. I’ve obviously disabled this because frankly it’s none of their business. The last tab here is for you to connect your Synology account to the NAS - which I don’t have one, nor will I ever get one.
      The next setting is the theme setting:

      This is where you can control the look of both the login screen via the “Login Style” and the general theme of the device via “Theme” although you can only seem to select light or dark. The login screen lets you put in your own pictures as a background which is pretty nice, and allows you to put in your own logo, which I have used the EcchiDreams information and logo to demonstrate for this write up. 
      The next setting is “Regional Options” or perhaps better known as Localisation. This allows you to control the timezone, and time settings as well as update your NAS to automatically synchronise the time with an NTP server. The next tab language is self explanatory it lets you set the default languages of the NAS, it’s notifications and codepage. Then of course you have an NTP Service which allows you to set up the NAS as an NTP Server (To syncronise time across devices attached to the network), the problem is though, most modern OS’s have this built in like Windows 10. 
       “Notifications” setting, in a nutshell lets you control how it sends notifications to you. It can do so via email, SMS or push service. With email it has a built in Google connect like interface that allows you to hook up a Gmail Account, Yahoo, Outlook, QQ or your own SMTP server to it; and it’ll send off email notifications automatically, including any welcome emails to new users. With SMS, you pretty much have a choice of ClickaTel, ClickaTel-2017 and Sendinblue-v3 all of which I do not use. With the push notifications you can use a Synology email server you download an app to your smartphone (Apple/Android) and pair your device with that. As seen with the mobile phone screenshot.  

      Not only can you receive notifications from this app, but you can actually pretty much control the device with an administrator control panel if you have the right privileges. It’s a pretty handy app to have, and I’ve not yet experienced problems with it. Under the advanced tab, like with EcchiDreams, you can select what notifications you get, and how you get them, like by push, SMS or email.  So all in all pretty good.
      Then there’s the ‘Task Scheduler’ setting that allows you to set automatic tasks that the NAS performs, such as DSM Auto Update and S.M.A.R.T Tests on the Hard Drives. It’s pretty simple. You can select how often these tasks run, or if they run at all. 
      Next you have ‘Hardware & Power’ which is interesting, and I’m going to go through this one by starting with a screenshot. 

      This has some handy little features that really put you in control over your own NAS. Much needed, especially after my Netgear Stora. Specifically the Fan Speed Mode. I have it set to quiet, because the current max temperature the hard drive gets to in the device is around 37oC - 40oC. Which is within tolerance. But then again it’s one hard drive. But I have to say that even on Full-Speed mode, the system is impressively quiet, although I am still considering on switching it to Low-power mode. Which completely stops the fan when it’s cool. In this menu is a power schedule that will allow you to have the NAS on at certain times of the day and off at others. HDD Hibernation allows you to power down the hard drive to minimise power consumption which I do (After 20 minutes), and further reduces noise when the system isn’t in use. This is something that if memory serves me right - existed on the Netgear Stora, but when it booted back up - my goodness it was loud. Then of course you have UPS which allows you to connect the NAS to an uninterruptible power supply. Seems like more of a server than a NAS, and I will get to that. 
      In the External Devices settings you can pretty much set up USB External HDD’s, Flash Drives and printers. I have tested this feature and it seems to work nicely with my flash drive. But I don’t use it. 
      ‘Update & Restore’ is next. This is basically for DSM (Disk Station Manager) to make sure that the Operating System of the unit is up-to-date and so on. It also lets you configure backups as well as reset the NAS and restore it to factory defaults. But that said, I’d advise caution against the resetting feature. It seems that every time I’ve used it, I’ve needed to take the hard drives out to completely clean them under Windows using Diskpart to delete the volumes, partitions and then clean the disk… Because it bricks the NAS… Completely.
      ‘Privileges’ seems totally pointless to me, it’s to setup features enabled on a user/user group level which is already available in the User and Usergroup settings. 
      ‘Application Portal’ is something I’ve not used. Nor do I really know what it really is. The help file says “Application Portal allows you to configure the connection settings of various applications so that you can directly access and run these applications (e.g. File Station) in independent browser tabs or windows.” However there’s a problem with this - that as I have said I will get to. Because you can’t enable too many features on this NAS. 
      ‘Indexing Service’ or ‘Media Indexing’, pretty much just scans for multimedia files automatically such as photos, music, videos stored on the NAS. It also lets you control what kind of quality you want thumbnails to be in and enable video compression for mobile devices. You know that problem I mentioned in the previous paragraph- yes. I will get to that in a moment. It even warns you as a hint here “Note: Enabling this option will take more time and CPU resources.” The idea is to compress it, and I assume Transcode it for lower end Mobile Devices. 
      The next setting is ‘Shared Folder Sync’ which requires me to use RSync, which I don’t. I assume it lets you sync multiple NAS’s together. I only have one, so I don’t use it. 
      ‘Terminal & SNMP’ Setting is the last setting in the control panel and this is something I will not use, nor leave open. The Terminal is basically Telnet/SSH which allows for command line access to the NAS, I have tested it and it is basically a Linux server. I see no need to enable it at this time. As for SNMP, if I recall correctly is some kind of Simple Network Management Protocol which I do not need to enable on my NAS. 
      And that’s it for the settings. The next thing you might have noticed in all of the screenshots is the ‘Package Center’ this is where you go to install new software features on the NAS… And we’re drawing near to my problem with this device that I have said repeatedly “I will bring up later.” 

      Just look at all these additional features… It’s… Well, it’s a lot. 
      One has to ask: How often are these applications - especially by third parties, updated? Because the MediaWiki app is version 1.30.0 which is out of date, there is 1.30.1 and even 1.31.1 which are both security updates. To make matters worse; Apache HTTP Server 2.4 is version 2.4.29-0011… The latest is 2.4.37 which I am pretty sure that between .29 and .37 there are a number of security updates as well as bug fixes. I wouldn’t consider this secure, especially if you’re hosting a website on that has access to the internet. Node.js only seems to go upto 0.10; the version now is 11.3.0, with security fixes released just a few months ago. 
      Same things with:
      phpBB, what you get on the NAS is 3.2.1 (July 2017). Current Version is 3.2.4 which was a security fix.  WordPress, what you get on the NAS is 4.9.7. Current Version is 5.0. Python3, what you get on the NAS is 3.5.1 (2015). The Current Version is 3.7.1.  Drupal8, what you get on the NAS is 8.4.8. The current version is 8.6.3. Ruby, is the most egregious of the lot that I found. On the NAS: 2.4.3… Latest version: 2.5.3, with tonnes of security fixes and patches.  So when is a NAS, no longer just a NAS? Since Synology apparently… In this day in age we need to keep things updated and this NAS has all the features of a web server, it lets you even make on… But you can’t keep it up-to-date and in my opinion this is not ideal to say the least. Now some of these - maybe no problem. Sure. But some of them are missing critical security fixes and are severely flawed. Control has to fall with the user, and if Synology insists on making it easier for the user then Synology has to update the software, or have the NAS download the latest version of the software. 
      I would not recommend using any of this, personally. 
      Don’t get me wrong - this is hands down the best NAS I have ever owned and it’s a low end model. I love it. But come on. I have to be critical here, and some of these might open pandora’s box of security holes, exploits and bugs that could run the NAS into the digital ground. 
      But the temptation - and this is where my problem comes in, is to start enabling all of the features willy nilly. But the problem is… Just loading this screen, this package centre takes about ten seconds at full CPU usage, and if it does that just loading up the screen then how can it run any of these things? Certainly at the same time as you’re trying to use it as a NAS… It’s going to choke. 
      Even with just the Anti-Virus scanner enabled; the system was unable to maintain good read/write speeds, constantly breaching 100% CPU usage, and holding up the upload/download, until it went down again, and even then the web interface freezes up repeatedly whilst 1 person is transfering files to and from the NAS… I’m sorry but to ask it to do more than one of these things in addition to being a NAS is simply not going to be as responsive and the more you install the worse it will get. 
      But maybe it’s not a problem if you’re going to say - use the NAS as a mini-web server instead, with Apache, PHP, PHPMyAdmin and MariaDB. But there are several problems here too, the complexity of the web application you want to use will pretty much be your limiting factor. Installing and running something like IPS (The Forum Software we use) might not be feasible, or quick and responsive at all, and may even require modifications that you cannot make such as installing additional PHP Extensions like GD2 extension or the mbstring extension. 
      That tiny 1.2GHz Processor doesn’t even have a heat sink, it’s passively cooled so I don’t know what kind of power people expect to really get out of it. As I said I couldn’t browse the web interface with ease when someone was using the NAS and that was just one person transferring files to the NAS. So I have no idea how it’s going to handle transcoding video to one device let alone several, or how you can really enable any of these features if multiple users, use the device. 
      Maybe with a more powerful NAS you can run these features side by side, I don’t know. But with the DS212j… I really wouldn’t recommend that if you want advanced features. 
      As for transfer speeds with barebones - no extra features:-
      Download from the NAS:

      Upload to the NAS:

      It’s certainly better than 1.5MB/s download and around 750KB/s upload. So I am happy about that. I have been able to download on some occasions at around 50-100MB/s which is amazing. But these are far and few between. I spent £35.50 on it second hand, and it works. Do I really have a right to complain at all? ... Probably not.
      I might include one final topic, either this year or next year as a bonus. It’s not something I bought on eBay but it might be fun to look at. 
    • Temaelrin
      By Temaelrin
      Have you ever seen a server before?
      Well if not; you’re about to get a really good look at one.

      I was just browsing around on eBay when this caught my eye… A HP ProLiant DL380 G5 Server; £21.00 with just 3 hours left until the end of the bidding. My first thought was laughter; “Alright? What’s wrong with it?” I asked myself. So I looked into the listings where it said what the specs were plus it had a full complement of hard drives and RAM (Kind of), it was all working and had Windows Server 2016 installed on it (Unlicenced). It was advertised as having light cosmetic scratches along the top but otherwise it was working perfectly and good as new. Now; I had a spare licence for Windows Server 2016 kicking around so activating it wasn’t going to be a problem for me. I am passionate about computers, and tech, and this is something I’ve never had my hands on before, and I wanted to have my hands on it, to open it up and see what it looked like on the inside, and that passion spurred me to share my experience publically… Even if no one reads or cares about this. But there was also another reason for this...
      I was in need for a server to host a private Intranet site on, and/or a NAS (Network Attached Storage) and I figured, twenty odd quid for all of that? Fuck yes. The price of a NAS is usually hundreds of pounds or more, and a server can be in the thousands of pounds (GBP, £. Not weight.) And so I bidded, to test the waters I put in a bid for £22, only to see that the person I bidded against was still the highest bidder - because he actually put a max bid amount in. So I figured ‘Okay… I’ll come back to this.’ And come back to it I did. 
      At 17:00, about 15 minutes before the bidding ended, it was up to £25, and I figured I’d get it near enough to the last minute, or at least make the guy I was trying to outbid pay more. The maximum I was willing to pay was £30; that plus the £15 would have made it £45 all told and on the 17 Oct 2018 at 17:00, I put in the bid. 
      At £26.00 I was the highest bidder, and now I just had to wait for 15 minutes to see if the guy was going to try and out bid me… But it never came. I expected him to bid snipe me at the very last minute; which is the act of putting in a bid at literally the last second of an auction. It was exciting. In fact I watched the count down, and when it reached zero, I refreshed to be sure and got the great green banner “You won this auction.” 
      I grinned from ear to ear, although that was short lived as I figured what if the seller didn’t want to let it go for that price, and expected more money for it? Well… That never happened, I got a message through the eBay messenger system saying that (Long story short) there wasn’t a tracking number, nor would there be a courier delivery because of their corporation’s members of staff lives (Literally) across the road from me, and he was going to bring it here on Monday evening on his way home. 
      I am not going to lie; as I said to @Aura in the Discord it was “so fucking sketchy you could make an art book and start a Patreon on it.” But I decided to trust them, because this wasn’t just some random no body. This was a serious corporation, selling their old equipment on eBay.
      Item: HP ProLiant DL380 G5 2U Server
      Price I paid: £26.00
      Shipping: £15.00 Delivered by one of the Corporation’s Member of Staff
      Total Cost: £41.00
      Came With: Rack Mount Brackets
      When this server was handed to me at my front door I was taken back by how god damn heavy it was. My computer that I have featured in this topic weighs a tonne but it’s because of the bulky case it’s in. This server didn’t look like much but my goodness it weighs more than my computer, at least, and the weight is quite unbalanced. But once I got used to it, I carried it back into the living room and saw the guy who delivered it off, I think I can carry this thing quite comfortably now I know where the balances are. I’ve since had it on a set of scales and it weighs around 24.2KG ± 0.5KG (~53.35lbs ± ~1.1lbs)
      Did I plug it in and start playing around with it first? Hell fucking no. In true David Jones (EEV Blogs) style of “Don’t just turn it on, take it apart!” I opened that bad boy up and had a look inside.

      This picture will most certainly be relievent.
      I was instantly impressed (Considering the age of server) by how plug and play all of the components were. The fans have a red tab that you can literally pull out of the the sockets, in fact you can see three sockets behind the four fans in the upper left corner of the image, with another socket at the bottom of the three that are opened up, covered with a cap, and you can see two capped sockets behind the fans at the bottom. I’d assume that this server can have 12 intake fans, max. But these fan’s are ridiculously loud; as I will show in a video later. When the server first turns on; it is between 70dB and 80dB, according to the sound meter app on my phone (So take it with a grain of salt). You can hear for yourself by subjectiveness how loud they are with this video I recorded on the 4th of November: 
       
      Once the system quite calms down, assuming that nothing goes under such insane load that it starts heating up to the point that the fans need to go on full whack again, it’s around 55dB which is something I didn’t think about when I bidded for this. This means that my plans on using it as an internal private internet server, or NAS wasn’t feasible; because there’s no where, where we can stick it with reasonable access to the router that wouldn’t be a pain in the arse. 
      Specs:
      CPU: 2x Intel Xeon E5335  LGA 771, 65nm Chip X86-64 Architecture Quad Core @ 2.00GHz (4 Threads) 4x 32KB L1 Cache Single Bit ECC 2MB L2 Cache per Core (8MB total L2 Cache) Single Bit ECC 65W Typical Power Consumption (80W TDP) 64GB Max Supportable RAM* Chipset: Intel 5000P rev. B1 (North Bridge) + Intel 6321ESB rev. 09 (South Bridge) RAM: 8GB DDR2 (8 x 1GB) 2x Elpida (1024MB each)  ECC RAM Bandwidth: PC2-5300 (333 MHz) Timing: 5.0-5-5-15-20 @ 333 MHz (CL-tRCD-tRP-tRAS-tRC @ frequency) Model: EBE11FD8AJFT-6E-E 2x Micron Technology (1024MB each) ECC RAM Bandwidth: PC2-5300 (333 MHz) Timing: 5.0-5-5-15-19 @ 333 MHz (CL-tRCD-tRP-tRAS-tRC @ frequency) Model: MT18HTF-12872FDY-667D6D4 2x Hyundai Electronics (1024MB each) ECC RAM Bandwidth: PC2-5300 (333 MHz) Timing: 5.0-5-5-15-20 @ 333 MHz (CL-tRCD-tRP-tRAS-tRC @ frequency) Model: HYMP512F72CP8N3-Y5 AC-C 2x Samsung (1024MB each) ECC RAM Bandwidth: PC2-5300 (333 MHz) Timing: 5.0-5-5-15-20 @ 333 MHz (CL-tRCD-tRP-tRAS-tRC @ frequency) Model: M395T2953EZ4-CE65 Optical Media: HL-DT-ST RW/DVD GCC-C10N Firmware: 2.0 Can read: CD-R DVD-R DVD-RW DVD+R DVD+RW DVD-RAM DVD+R DL Can Write: CD-R Network Cards: 2x QLogic BCM5708C Gigabit Ethernet Graphics: ATI ES1000 (Integrated) VGA Output only. 32MB SDRAM Video Memory PSU: 2x 800w Power Supplies (Redundancy)  Model DPS-800GB A (Rev: 06M) Model ATSN 7001044-Y000 (Rev: C) HDD: 8x 72GB 2.5” SAS Hard Drives in RAID5 Configuration (~504GB Usable Space) HP Invent: 72GB, 10,000 RPM (DG072A9BB7) HP Invent: 72GB, 10,000 RPM (DG072A8B54) HP Invent: 72GB, 10,000 RPM (DG072A9BB7) HP Invent: 72GB, 10,000 RPM (DG072A9BB7) HP Invent: 72GB, 10,000 RPM (DG072A3515) HP Invent: 72GB, 15,000 RPM (DG072BB978) HP Invent: 72GB, 15,000 RPM (EH0072FAWJA) HP Invent: 72GB, 15,000 RPM (DN072ABAA6) * There is some conflicting information about this. Whilst the CPUs claims to be able to support a maximum physical address size of 64GB, HP claims that the server can only support 32GB. This could indeed be the case via a BIOS limitation or something, I don’t know. 
      The next thing I did was took a look at the hard drives to see if there was remnants of data left over on them from the previous owners - there wasn’t, it was clean, which means that they did full and proper wipe of the hard drives. So, thumbs up for that. 
      I can’t tell you the amount of times I’ve purchased second hand hard drives online, that people haven’t properly formatted the hard drives of. I’ve had access to various kinds of sensitive materials that have either been too hot to handle or have been wiped properly by myself. But the stuff I will talk about openly is that I’ve also had access to a company’s customer database which included names, addresses, phone numbers and credit card information of their customers. But most commonly I’ve had access to people's private and personal files, and in one case I got access to someone’s private porn library. The hard drive was used to store their porn on it… I don’t personally think they had good tastes, but it was rather tame and vanilla by my standards… In one case I got a hard drive from a friend and it had lots of pictures on it that they lost; so I recovered them for her, and sent the pictures back to her on a flash drive so that she could actually have them back. She was extremely thankful and didn’t know how I did it, I tried explaining it to her, but I don’t think she understood. She just understood that I knew what I was doing and she got her pictures back.
      So yes… To see someone actually take data protection seriously and to wipe their drives before selling them is a good thing to me. I actually like that they do it properly. But I always format again; just to be sure. That and you don’t know who could tamper with the OS you’re working on. If a computer comes installed with an OS from eBay; I never keep that OS on, I always uninstall, format, and then install before I start actually using it. It does seem more and more every day that people are actually starting to do this. Gone are the days when I always got hard drives that weren’t formatted properly and had private information on them or something left over from the previous owner. The next two subjects of things I’ve bought from eBay were also cleaned properly. But I will get to them in their own topics.
      One of the first things I did after I took a look inside, took some photos and checked the hard drives is that I, wanted to test the internal temperatures of the server to see if I could work out as to why it was so loud; thinking that it was loud because it was overheating, which turns out that I was quite correct. Although something popped up that I never seen before; the RAM was doing far worse than the CPUs were. 
      At idle the CPUs was around: 59-65oC depending on core and CPU
      - At idle, the RAM on the other hand was around: 50oC at the coolest and 78oC at the hottest.
      Typically when I see RAM that is far beyond a normal temperature that I expect; I expect the RAM to operating under overclocking, or some kind of overvoltage than the spec allows. It is something I will investigate later in this post. I was also kind of concerned about the high CPU temperature under no load other than Windows Server 2016 running, all updates were complete and the hard drives weren’t really doing much so I tested it under synthetic load (Although Prime95 didn’t work at all) I used a different program to simulate a heavy load (Although I don’t remember what it was called). Whilst the CPU usage skyrocketed to 100% across both CPU’s the Temperatures didn’t really move all that much, about 5 degrees centigrade, that’s pretty much it. 
      Now for all I know this could all indeed be absolutely normal for a Server and its RAM/CPU. But I shut down the server as I happened to have some Arctic Silver 5 compound laying around from when I did my CPU in my computer and some solvents designed to remove old thermal compound. So I removed the cover and heatsink block from the server:

      As a side note; I’ve never liked the application or use of Liquid Metal cooling in systems, where you have to take the heat spreader off just to apply the liquid metal. There are a tonne of risks and very few rewards from what I heard. Don’t get me wrong; I’ve heard the kind of results you can get with using a little bit of Liquid Metal on top of your CPU under it’s heatspreader, but in my experience Liquid Metal only comes in two forms for cooling: Mercury and Gallium. Mercury is extremely toxic, and Gallium eats and deteriorates the structural strength of Aluminium and Steel; both mercury and gallium also conduct electricity and if either of the two liquids were to leak onto the electronics, it could cause a short circuit which is bad, and that’s not even going into the whole “Mercury and Gallium” expands under heat; like the heat of a CPU. Now this is fine for some people, as I said I’m not knocking it. But I don’t take that kind of risk, apparently whilst it’s amazing in heat transference, it’s not recommended for absolutely everyone and I certainly wouldn’t use it myself.
      So I used Arctic Silver 5; which is a high density micronise Silver and ‘Enhanced Thermally Conductive Ceramic Particles’ (What I call Enhanced TCCP), which is typically around 88% thermally conductive materials (by weight) with ‘Three Unique Shapes and Sizes’ of 99.9% pure silver to maximise the particle contact area and thermal transfer, suspended in Polysynthetic Oils. It is not electrically conductive either. You can find more information here (Non-Affiliate Link). This is not an advert; and I am not sponsored by Arctic Silver, but it is in my experience, the best stuff to use for thermal paste solutions, at the very least it is almost usually much better than stock solutions. It is not cheap though (~£1,800 per KG. You buy it usually in 3.5g syringes that cost around £6-7 and it does lots of applications). 
      When I took the heatsinks off; I noticed that the told thermal paste solution - most probably stock, was dry and there was way too damn much of it. So I took the chips out of their Sockets and placed them on my anti-static mat before getting to work on cleaning them up, alongside their respective heatsinks, which was absolutely caked in thermal compound. 

      LGA771 (Socket J) CPU sockets
      I then put the CPU’s back into their sockets carefully, and the result? Nice clean CPU’s ready for new thermal compounds:

      After this operation took place; at idle the CPUs was around: 31-48oC depending on CPU and core. One CPU was running slightly hotter than the other, but the first and primary CPU was running pretty much cold. Which meant that I was pretty much successful in changing the thermal compound, although I hadn’t quite expected such drastic results. These results carried through to under load; where the temperature of the first CPU didn’t even hit 50oC and the second just went over 66oC but it made absolutely no difference to the noise of the server. It was just as obnoxiously loud as ever.
      Pleased with the results; I considered that job done. My next job was to remove the OS that the corporation I purchased this from put on there, and completely format/wipe the hard drives. Which I did; and surprisingly with this RAID5 setup; it took quite a bit of time to fully format the drives.
      I benchmarked the system; including the hard drives but before I get into the results there's something I kind of want to talk about that’s been bugging me for a while. It’s a small rant so it’s hidden in the spoiler below. If you want to read it, click on it to read it. Otherwise we can move right on ahead.
      Unfortunately the benchmark program CrystalDiskMark 6.0.2 defines the following benchmarks as the stupid 1KB = 1000 bytes therefore 1000KB = 1MB, and if you want it to mean 1024KB = 1MB you’re actually talking about MiB… Bullshit. 
      Whilst the test performed (in numbers) better than my next ‘Shit I’ve bought from eBay’ topic, the creation of test file was ridiculously slow. I was waiting just over an hour for it to create the 32’GiB’ file. But the results of the benchmark were extremely interesting. Now bear in mind I’m running RAID 5 (You can find more information on RAID 0, RAID 1 and RAID 10 here and for more information on RAID 5 and RAID 6 you can click here.) across 8 drives; idealistically that gives me 7 drives and one drive’s worth of parity, which means I can withstand one of the hard drives failing completely, and only have the data capacity of 7 out of 8 of the drives. 
      So here is the raw data of the test using Crystal Diskmark (Freeware):

      I also used SiSoftware (Sandra) to get an overall benchmark of the system as I hold a valid licence for the software (2016 version). Which I have compared to my desktop computer (Because as unfair comparaisons go this was the best baseline I have; other than old Pentium 2 Processor machine I have in my airing cupboard). 
      I think to understand the benchmarks we should probably see how the benchmark software sees the server because the one thing I noticed when running various things is that the various tools saw things differently. For example CPUID saw there being two E5335 (Clovertown) processors where as HWiNFO64 v5.90 saw one of them as being an L5335 (Clovertown LV); which is not the case - because I’ve had both processors out and I know what both of them said.
      So to keep this brief; this is how SiSoftware Sandra saw the server:
      Computer Model : HP ProLiant DL380 G5 Serial Number : (REDACTED) Chassis : HP Rack Mount Chassis BIOS : HP P56 08/16/2015 Total Memory : 8GB DDR2 FB-DIMM Processors Processor : Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5335  @ 2.00GHz (4C 2GHz, 2x 4MB L2) Processor : Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5335  @ 2.00GHz (4C 2GHz, 2x 4MB L2) Socket/Slot : FC-LGA6 Chipset Memory Controller : HP 5000P Chipset Memory Controller Hub 4x 333MHz (1.33GHz), 4x 2GB DDR2 FB-DIMM 666MHz 256-bit Memory Module(s) Memory Module : Elpida EBE11FD8AJFT-6E-E 1GB ECC DDR2 FB-DIMM PC2-5300FB DDR2-666 (5-5-5-15 3-20-5-3) Memory Module : Elpida EBE11FD8AJFT-6E-E 1GB ECC DDR2 FB-DIMM PC2-5300FB DDR2-666 (5-5-5-15 3-20-5-3) Memory Module : Micron 18HF12872FD667D6D4 1GB ECC DDR2 FB-DIMM PC2-5300FB DDR2-666 (5-5-5-15 3-18-5-3) Memory Module : Micron 18HF12872FD667D6D4 1GB ECC DDR2 FB-DIMM PC2-5300FB DDR2-666 (5-5-5-15 3-18-5-3) Memory Module : Hynix (Hyundai) HYMP512F72CP8N3-Y5 1GB ECC DDR2 FB-DIMM PC2-5300FB DDR2-666 (5-5-5-15 3-20-5-3) Memory Module : Hynix (Hyundai) HYMP512F72CP8N3-Y5 1GB ECC DDR2 FB-DIMM PC2-5300FB DDR2-666 (5-5-5-15 3-20-5-3) Memory Module : Samsung M395T2953EZ4-CE65 1GB ECC DDR2 FB-DIMM PC2-5300FB DDR2-666 (5-5-5-15 3-20-5-3) Memory Module : Samsung M395T2953EZ4-CE66 1GB ECC DDR2 FB-DIMM PC2-5300FB DDR2-666 (5-5-5-15 3-20-5-3) Video System Monitor/Panel : (Standard monitor types) Generic Non-PnP Monitor (1600x1200) Video Adapter : Microsoft Basic Render Driver (SM5.2, 4GB) Graphics Processor Storage Devices HP LOGICAL VOLUME (513.6GB, RAID, SCSI-5, 15000rpm) : 478GB (C:) HL-DT-STCD-RW/DVD DRIVE GCC-C10N (ATA33, DVD+-R, CD-RW, 2MB Cache) : N/A (D:) Logical Storage Devices System Reserved : 500MB (NTFS, 4kB) @ HP LOGICAL VOLUME (513.6GB, RAID, SCSI-5, 15000rpm) Hard Disk (C:) : 478GB (NTFS, 4kB) @ HP LOGICAL VOLUME (513.6GB, RAID, SCSI-5, 15000rpm) Optical Drive (D:) : N/A @ HL-DT-STCD-RW/DVD DRIVE GCC-C10N (ATA33, DVD+-R, CD-RW, 2MB Cache) Peripherals LPC Hub Controller 1 : Intel 631xESB/6321ESB/3100 LPC Interface Controller LPC Legacy Controller 1 : SMSC SCH4307 Serial Port(s) : 1 Disk Controller : HP ProLiant DL140 G3 Disk Controller : HP Smart Array P400 Controller USB Controller 1 : HP ProLiant DL140 G3 USB Controller 2 : HP ProLiant DL140 G3 USB Controller 3 : HP ProLiant DL140 G3 USB Controller 4 : HP 631xESB/6321ESB/3100 Chipset USB Universal Host Controller #4 USB Controller 5 : HP ProLiant DL140 G3 USB Controller 6 : HP iLO2 SMBus/i2c Controller 1 : Intel 5X00/7X00/8X00 XMB Ch 21-0 SMBus SMBus/i2c Controller 2 : Intel 5X00/7X00/8X00 XMB Ch 21-1 SMBus SMBus/i2c Controller 3 : Intel 5X00/7X00/8X00 XMB Ch 22-0 SMBus SMBus/i2c Controller 4 : Intel 5X00/7X00/8X00 XMB Ch 22-1 SMBus SMBus/i2c Controller 5 : Intel ICH SMBus SMBus/i2c Controller 6 : IPMI T1 Controller Printers and Faxes Printer : Microsoft XPS Document Writer v4 (600x600, Colour) Printer : Microsoft Shared Fax Driver (200x200) Printer : Microsoft Print To PDF (600x600, Colour) Printer : Microsoft XPS Document Writer v4 (600x600, Colour) Printer : Microsoft Print To PDF (600x600, Colour) Network Services Network Adapter : QLogic BCM5708C Gigabit Ethernet (NDIS VBD Client) #42 (Ethernet) Network Adapter : QLogic BCM5708C Gigabit Ethernet (NDIS VBD Client) #41 (Ethernet, 1Gbps) Operating System Windows System : Microsoft Windows 2016 Server 10.00.14393 Platform Compliance : x64 It’s a good idea to understand how exactly the software see’s both machines; and in the next part I will compare this server to the device there too, which is a more realistic comparaison. 

      And the raw data:
      Processor Multi-Media Analysing... Aggregated Score : 99.76MPix/s Result ID : 2x Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           E5335  @ 2.00GHz (4C 2GHz, 2x 4MB L2) Speed : 2000MHz Capacity : 8Unit(s) Finished Successfully : Yes Cryptography Analysing... Aggregated Score : 0.693GB/s Result ID : 2x Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           E5335  @ 2.00GHz (4C 2GHz, 2x 4MB L2) Speed : 2000MHz Capacity : 8Unit(s) Finished Successfully : Yes Processor Financial Analysis Analysing... Aggregated Score : 7.91kOPT/s Result ID : 2x Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           E5335  @ 2.00GHz (4C 2GHz, 2x 4MB L2) Speed : 2000MHz Capacity : 8Unit(s) Finished Successfully : Yes Processor Scientific Analysis Analysing... Aggregated Score : 7.19GFLOPS Result ID : 2x Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           E5335  @ 2.00GHz (4C 2GHz, 2x 4MB L2) Speed : 2000MHz Capacity : 8Unit(s) Finished Successfully : Yes .NET Arithmetic Analysing... Aggregated Score : 15.88GOPS Result ID : 2x Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           E5335  @ 2.00GHz (4C 2GHz, 2x 4MB L2) Speed : 2000MHz Capacity : 8Unit(s) Finished Successfully : Yes Memory Bandwidth Analysing... Aggregated Score : 5.350GB/s Result ID : Intel 5000P Chipset Memory Controller Hub; 4x 2GB Elpida EBE11FD8AJFT-6E-E DDR2 FB-DIMM (666MHz 256-bit) PC2-5300 (5-5-5-15 0-20-5-9) Speed : 666MHz Capacity : 8192MB Power : 108.08W Finished Successfully : Yes Cache & Memory Latency Analysing... Aggregated Score : 61.9ns Result ID : Intel 5000P Chipset Memory Controller Hub; 4x 2GB Elpida EBE11FD8AJFT-6E-E DDR2 FB-DIMM (666MHz 256-bit) PC2-5300 (5-5-5-15 0-20-5-9) Speed : 666MHz Capacity : 8192MB Power : 108.08W Finished Successfully : Yes File System Bandwidth Analysing... Aggregated Score : 244.494MB/s Result ID : HP LOGICAL VOLUME (513.6GB, RAID, SCSI-5, 15000rpm) (NTFS, 4kB) Speed : 15000rpm Capacity : 513.62GB Finished Successfully : Yes File System I/O Analysing... Aggregated Score : 1417.0IOPS Result ID : HP LOGICAL VOLUME (513.6GB, RAID, SCSI-5, 15000rpm) (NTFS, 4kB) Speed : 2560Mbps Capacity : 513.62GB Finished Successfully : Yes GP (GPU/CPU/APU) Processing Analysing... Error (339) : No devices found. : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Finished Successfully : No Video Shader Compute Analysing... Aggregated Score : 25.03MPix/s Result ID : Microsoft Basic Render Driver (SM5.2, 4GB) (D3D 11) Finished Successfully : Yes GP (GPU/CPU/APU) Cryptography Analysing... Error (339) : No devices found. : High Security (AES256 + SHA2-256) : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Standard Security (AES128 + SHA1) : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Higher Security (AES256 + SHA2-512) : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Finished Successfully : No Cryptography Analysing... Aggregated Score : 0.478GB/s Result ID : 2x Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           E5335  @ 2.00GHz (4C 2GHz, 2x 4MB L2) Speed : 2000MHz Capacity : 8Unit(s) Finished Successfully : Yes GP (GPU/CPU/APU) Financial Analysis Analysing... Finished Successfully : No Processor Financial Analysis Analysing... Aggregated Score : 7.88kOPT/s Result ID : 2x Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           E5335  @ 2.00GHz (4C 2GHz, 2x 4MB L2) Speed : 2000MHz Capacity : 8Unit(s) Finished Successfully : Yes GP (GPU/CPU/APU) Scientific Analysis Analysing... Finished Successfully : No Processor Scientific Analysis Analysing... Aggregated Score : 7.22GFLOPS Result ID : 2x Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           E5335  @ 2.00GHz (4C 2GHz, 2x 4MB L2) Speed : 2000MHz Capacity : 8Unit(s) Finished Successfully : Yes Media (Audio/Video) Transcode Analysing... Aggregated Score : 1.587MB/s Result ID : 2x Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           E5335  @ 2.00GHz (4C 2GHz, 2x 4MB L2) (Microsoft H264 Video Decoder MFT > H264 Encoder MFT; Microsoft AAC Audio Decoder MFT > Microsoft AAC Audio Encoder MFT) Speed : 2000MHz Capacity : 8Unit(s) Finished Successfully : Yes GP (GPU/CPU/APU) Bandwidth Analysing... Error (339) : No devices found. : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Finished Successfully : No Video Memory Bandwidth Analysing... Aggregated Score : 2.485GB/s Result ID : Microsoft Basic Render Driver (SM5.2, 4GB) (D3D 11) Capacity : 4095MB Finished Successfully : Yes GP (GPU/CPU/APU) Memory Latency Analysing... Error (339) : No devices found. : Global Data Memory : In-Page Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Global Data Memory : Full Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Global Data Memory : Sequential Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Constant Data Memory : In-Page Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Constant Data Memory : Full Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Constant Data Memory : Sequential Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Shared Data Memory : In-Page Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Shared Data Memory : Full Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Shared Data Memory : Sequential Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Private Data Memory : In-Page Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Private Data Memory : Full Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Private Data Memory : Sequential Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Texture Memory : In-Page Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Texture Memory : Full Random Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Error (339) : No devices found. : Texture Memory : Sequential Access Pattern : GP(GPU) call failed. Try another interface (e.g. OpenCL/ComputeShader/CUDA/etc.) or update video drivers. Finished Successfully : No Cache & Memory Latency Analysing... Aggregated Score : 61.8ns Result ID : Intel 5000P Chipset Memory Controller Hub; 4x 2GB Elpida EBE11FD8AJFT-6E-E DDR2 FB-DIMM (666MHz 256-bit) PC2-5300 (5-5-5-15 0-20-5-9) Speed : 666MHz Capacity : 8192MB Power : 108.08W Finished Successfully : Yes Overall Score Aggregated Score : 2.22kPT Results Interpretation : Higher Scores mean Better Performance. Decimal Numeral System (base 10) : 1GPT = 1000MPT, 1MPT = 1000kPT, 1kPT = 1000PT, etc. Result ID : HP ProLiant DL380 G5 ProLiant (2x Intel Xeon CPU E5335 @ 2.00GHz; Intel 5000P Chipset Memory Controller Hub; 4x 2GB Elpida EBE11; HP LOGICAL VOLUME; Microsoft Basic Render Driver) Finished Successfully : Yes And now I will finish the topic with some comments I have about the machine as well as some neat pictures of the server itself.
      First of all; I absolutely love how intermodular and hot swappable all of the parts are, and I think for at the time it may have cost around £3,000 - £4,000 on launch, which I think was actually in 2011. It has several redundant systems to keep the machine as reliable as possible, and it goes to show. Back in 2011 I was just 21 years old, and I seriously doubt I was the target market for the server, but that doesn’t stop me appreciating the build quality, or it’s fantastic engineering even here in 2018. I really can’t fault this machine at all, for what it was in 2011, I think almost everything in the system is modular, in that without screws you can take parts out and easily swap them which in critical deployments this is probably a very good idea. With two 800W PSU’s (Power Supply Units) the system can keep running even if one of them just dies, because it’s redundant. In front of these PSU’s are also two VRMs (Voltage Regulator Modules) that have massive heat sinks on them. I’ve not been inside many servers (Funnily enough) and this could very well be standard with other brand servers. 

      This is what the VRM’s look like, right next to the PSU’s. The VRM’s are basically a buck converter that regulates the power for the CPUs. For more information on what VRMs are used for, here’s a good starting point.
      On the front of the machine is eight bays of (Apparently) hot-swappable HDD bays that hold some of the fattest 2.5” HDD’s I’ve ever seen (Which means this might actually be upgradable to SSDs if the firmware allows). Each having their own mechanisms to both eject, and keep the hard drives securely into the unit. I believe they use 2.5” HDD’s to allow it to keep the 2U server rack form factor. You don’t get much wiggle room under RAID 5, and I was a little surprised that RAID 6 wasn’t even an option under the RAID Controller setup. Is this a problem persae? Probably not. But RAID 5 only allows 1 Failure, whereas RAID 6 will allow upto 2 Failures. But to be honest I think the hard drives seem to be extremely solidly built and there doesn’t seem to be any problems with any of them, and given the fact that the target audience would most likely have onsite or even offsite backup facilities to cope with catastrophic data loss. And RAID 5 would give the fastest read speeds as well as the most capacity, so maybe it makes sense from the potential target audiences point of view. Another issue I have with the hard drive array is a pill I just wasn’t able to quite swallow, it seems to have inconsistent read/write speeds… At the time I didn’t know if this is the consequence of having a RAID 5 set up, or if it’s an indicator that one of the drives is a little slower than other drives and it’s slowing the rest down or if there is something not quite set up properly. But despite the benchmarks and what they said; when it was writing test files for CrystalDiskMark it was writing at around 8MB/s according to Resource Monitor. Which how the benchmark was able to achieve 16-odd Megabytes per second in the write tests is beyond me. Despite it having better scores than the next item on my Shit I’ve bought from eBay series, the next item wrote this test file much faster than this server did. This bugs me, because by the numbers this HP server should have knocked it out of the park… But it didn’t. To make matters worse, is in the tests that I did by sending something over the ethernet port to my SSD in my desktop and receiving was quite abysmal speeds too that did not remain consistent in the 10GB test file I transferred. Then again this could also be down to the RAID Array Controller itself as well.

      Top: Server HDD, Bottom: Normal Laptop HDD. Very THICC. 
      The RAM is DDR2, which I think was about expected for the time, in addition it’s ECC RAM which you can find out more information about here from Luke Lafreniere over on Techquickie. The total in the system seems to be eight sticks of 1GB totalling 8GB, but it can be taken higher than that with official HP spec saying that the max supported is 32GB although the processors on the Intel page report that they can support upto 64GB. I don’t have eight - eight gigabyte sticks of ECC DDR2 RAM so I can’t check. To compound matters the Memory controller (Intel 5000P Memory Controller) also supports upto 64GB too, so my only guess is that it’s not supported in the BIOS, or perhaps it can support 64GB - If it’s not ECC, I don’t know, I don’t have eight sticks of non-ECC DDR2 RAM either. This won’t come as any surprise to @Aura who has been public in his criticism for HP Laptops for overheating (Something I completely agree with, all HP netbooks and laptops I’ve ever had have all died due to overheating) but even under idle loads the RAM is surprisingly hot, so hot in fact, that when I turned the server off, and discharged it after heavy benchmarking, I actually burnt my hand slightly when it grazed the RAM. Under idle the heat that the RAM can get to is around 70oC to 80oC. My first thought was that maybe it was being overclocked, and my second was, was that maybe it was way over voltage. Neither of these things were the case - apparently. Not that the BIOS allowed me to look into it. 
      The two CPU’s however is the opposite story, since re-thermal pasting it, even under intensive load generated by the benchmarking software I couldn’t penetrate 60oC on the first processor and I couldn’t penetrate 70oC on the second one, which considering that these are both quad core Xeon’s running at full clock (2.00GHz) and aren’t being cooled by directly mounted fans to the heatsink, this is pretty good. And considering the RAM seems to get hot enough that I think I could fry and egg on it, yeah that’s good. 
      There are two VGA ports, one on the back, one on the front that will allow the user to connect them up to a VGA compatible monitor which was a problem for me. My monitor has Display Port and HDMI only, but Neptune has a second monitor that has both VGA and HDMI on it, so I had to borrow her monitor - repeatedly. This is somewhat to be expected, I’m not sure if new servers today have HDMI (I’d think that they do) but servers priorities in most cases isn’t on giving you the best graphics for your money, and a VGA port more than sufficed for what I needed it for, because once the OS was set up I was able to control the system via Remote Desktop at full 4K glory. Although don’t count on it running a Minecraft Client, or Crysis. 

      The graphics through the VGA ports is pretty much powered by this ATI ES1000 Graphics Chip, which is hidden under the PSU Cage. I think these have been used in old laptops, and you can actually buy these chips on eBay which apparently are sold as “Laptop GPUs”
      It has three Ethernet Ports - one of them is for HP ILO2 (Integrated Lights-Out 2), a kind of web interface that allows you access the server when it’s offline (But there’s still power connected to it). 

      It says that the system health is degraded because there wasn’t a power supply connected to the second bay. But you can reboot, turn on and turn off the server from here and use all kinds of interesting tools and insight into the server. Something I actually found to be really fascinating to say the very least. There was one major drawback to this however - no modern browser can use it. You see it uses TLS 1.0 which is obsolete and disabled in most modern browsers nowadays (For damn good reason too!), and there’s no way that I can tell to upgrade it to TLS 1.2. Google Chrome would not let me switch to TLS 1.0, and so I had to download and install Firefox, and manually enable it, whilst disabling the other TLS options. Even then I couldn’t use the Virtual Media, or Remote Consoles, as it needed to be used under Internet Explore with the appropriate Java Runtime Environment enabled… 
      Yeah it’s more trouble than it’s worth. Asking me to compromise my security wasn’t a bridge too far enough; that I apparently needed to use an old, old JRE… On Internet Explorer. Nothing is worth that trouble. Fuck Internet Explorer.

      Unfortunately there is no upgrading iLO2, because it’s on a chip. You can do firmware updates to it but you can’t updated it to iLO3, or iLO4 or anything like that.
      The other two Ethernet Ports are both Gigabit Ethernet ports which is good, because that’s the maximum my router supports. Apparently it supports TCP off-loading (Which you can find out more about here) I think it could also make a good in between connection from my Router to my Modem, which could allow me to do various things, if memory serves me correctly. But again we get to the noise and power consumption issue. 
      There are also five USB Ports, that are most likely USB 2. They’re certainly not USB 3, there are two on the back, two on the front and one inside the unit itself. The reason I say that they’re most likely USB 2.0 is because HWInfo64 says it is; but then again it also says that one of the processors is a L5335… So take it with a pinch of salt, I have not done any USB speed tests due to the aforementioned problems with the hard drives that I’ve mentioned about already, I don’t have a reliable baseline. There are also a couple of PS/2 ports for an old style Keyboard and Mouse. Now luckily, I actually have an old PS/2 connector Keyboard, I do not have a spare USB Keyboard, but I do have a spare USB Mouse so I was able to use this no problems. There is also a serial port on the back of the server although I have no serial devices to test it with, I don’t even know if it’s still in use anymore, or if it was in 2011. 
      As I said previously; the inside of the machine is amazing, and as you can see from the very first image repeated here:

      It is very well designed; the system seems to take air in from the front, and in the case of the four fans towards the front of the machine it seems to direct as much airflow over the CPU and RAM as possible, with the bottom two pulling air through the hard drives and ejecting it through the PSU’s or out to the side vent holes. This is in an effort to keep them all cool, and on the most part - other than the RAM this is pretty successful… Although it’d beg the question of how hot the RAM would get if there wasn’t that kind of airflow. There are very few cables in this machine, and any cables that do exist are kept short and sweet, or are wrapped and kept as tidy and minimal as possible. There are two mesh wrapped cables containing lots of cables going from the PCI slot containing the RAID Controller to the Hard Drives. It’s clear a lot of thought and a lot of engineering went into the design of the system and the layout of components that would no doubt have to keep that in mind, but keep in mind also the distance between CPU, RAM and all the various components to keep it as fast and efficient as possible. 

      This RAID Controller is probably the reason I was experiencing such inconsistencies between the benchmark and actual performance of the hard drives. Specifically the 256MB module you’re seeing (Which is an attachment to the RAID Controller) is a write cache, now it could be that there isn’t enough RAM to make it as efficient as possible - or… As my research has suggested, it’s possible that because this RAID controller isn’t hooked up to a battery (Which I will explain the purpose of in a moment) that it could be disabled entirely.
      What is the purpose of the battery on a RAID Controller, and would not having the write cache enabled make the 256MB Module, redundant superfluous?
      Well, the purpose of the battery on a RAID Controller is step for data protection in the event that something happens to the power of the server, you see the write cache gets stored on the RAM which is being written out to the hard drives to try and keep things running smoothly, especially if your server is reading from those drives at the same time. The problem is, is once it’s written to the Cache, the OS usually thinks it’s written to the hard drive.
      From looking at the numbers on the chip (HYB18T512800AFL37) I can deduce that it’s DDR2 Volatile Memory rather than Flash so it can be rewritten to a number of times without degradation… As you know if you lose power, pretty much everything in the RAM is cleared out, where as with flash memory (USB Flash Drives, SSD’s, most BIOS’s, etc) don’t clear out on power down. There are tradeoffs for this, but generally speaking Volatile RAM is much faster, and can be overwritten to more times than Flash Memory. 
      So, now that I’ve explained that, if something happened to the power of the server: Such as you’re only running it straight from the wall and not from a UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply) when the power is cut or with a UPS or not, the power supply (or both of them) fail. Now if you have mission critical information stored on the write cache, and such a power outage happened, then it’s not written to the hard drive, and you’ll lose it all. So with all these redundancies and backups in place it’d make sense for it to be disabled if there is no battery attached to it. Does it make it superfluous, then? Well… Yes, kind of. In the research I looked up whilst writing this, I found that you can forcibly enable it, although where, I don’t know. I haven’t to my recollection seen that option in the BIOS or the RAID controller setup. 
      Another thing that I thought was strange is when I was writing this and going through the pictures that I wanted to include, I noticed that there are five, 512 Megabit chips (64MB), which would equal 320MB of RAM on the cache module. The cache module is attached to the RAID Controller as a separate unit, so you can replace/upgrade the cache module without actually having to replace/upgrade the entire controller whilst you're at it. Take a look at the cache module on it’s own:

      Although I hadn’t taken it off of the RAID card at this point, I could see 5 chips like I could before and three blanks, so it really got me thinking about the possibility that maybe the 256MB and 512MB cache modules are actually the same it’s just that one has more of the same chips on it. On a side note I also noticed the chip (PI74SSTUA32864NBE) at the bottom; which apparently is a registered buffer. Neat! So it looks like that even the Cache Module of the RAID controller is also ECC RAM. So why did mine have five and only show as 256MB? 
      I figured that maybe it was simple; perhaps the extra chip is like… Well… RAID actually. One of the chips was a parity chip; or a redundant chip incase one of them fails, or a spillover in case there are bad cells in one of the chips (Like bad sectors on a hard drive) it’d spill over onto the spare chip. Great! I theorised that it was another redundancy thing. I knew that if all eight were filled then that would equal 512MB, but then where was the ninth chip?
      I theorised again that it was on the underside of the module. So I opened up the server, took a look at the RAID Controller, disconnected it, took it out of the PCI slot and then took out the cache module. Turned it on it’s side, low and behold...

      ...There’s another blank spot for another RAM chip! That’s amazing. But it would seem you’d get less redundancy per chip if you had the 512MB cache module. 

      Despite the problems with the hard drive being, quite frankly all over the place that might look into, but it can run Windows Server 2016 with absolutely no problems, the drivers aren’t hard to find and load, although you do have to go around the bush about it, not install it via the EXE but extract it and install the .ini file which installed absolutely fine.
      So to close I’m going to show some more pictures of the server and title them up and close the topic.

      I’m guessing from what’s printed on the board that this is some kind of test switches?

      A shot without the PCI Cage installed.

      Inside one of the PSU’s overhead shot.

      Inside the PSU from the front.

      The RAM. Yeah… I matched the colours… Probably not a good idea given that there is a set way that they’re laid out and two of them have slightly different timings.

      Directly under the PCI Cage.

      Under the PCI Cage and PSU Cage - Overhead Motherboard shot.

      PSU Cage Removal and Installation Instructions.

      PCI Riser Cage Removal and Installation Instructions
      Inside of the top of the case. 

      Also inside of the top of the case; and yes. It seems I did install the RAM incorrectly. I will have to fix that; because they really should (in my eyes) be type/brand matched in banks. I know one of the twin sticks of RAM actually has different timings than the rest too. 
      So I couldn’t end up using this server, it’s too loud for what I wanted and it’s going to be too much of a drain on our electric. Ultimately I’m going to be giving the server over to someone who needs it and is happy to have it. My brother in law, who I consider to be a brother. I guess he’s getting a heavy christmas present this year.
      Next on: "Shit I've bought from eBay" - IBM X3200 M3 Server - (Coming Soon)
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